Case studies

2019-09-16

1. Case study on weather related emergencies in installing and commissioning (debugging) power products;  2. Case studies on Hurricanes. 

A Case Study of Disaster Diaspora and the Consequences of Economic Disparity and Climate Change, including  Hurricanes Matthew (October 8, 2016) and Florence (September 14, 2018) in Robeson County North Carolina

By Stephen M. Marson, PhD., ACSW and Mac Legerton, ABD

Abstract

This paper presents a case study of Robeson County’s challenges in addressing the double-barrel disasters of Hurricane Matthew  in 2016 (Category 5) and Hurricane Florence I n 2018(Category 4) in conjunction with the economic disaster resulting from the loss of over 8,000 jobs in the county following the passage of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). It is well known that climate disasters, including major hurricanes, droughts, and forest fires, worsen existing economic and social conditions.  The significant challenges to recovery created by these combined disasters are salient.  Both the patterns of the global economy and public and private disaster systems create a “disaster diaspora” within low-income impacted communities and poor rural communities impacted by major economic and climate change.   Robeson County and all of Eastern North Carolina provide a case study for “disaster diaspora”, including its systemic patterns, causes, and indicators as well as potential solutions. This paper identifies, recognizes, and details this challenge, asserting that both existing patterns of economic and social disparity must be addressed along with, and at the same time, as climate disaster recovery.  The disproportionate and ongoing impact of NAFTA on Robeson County,. Eastern NC, and all of rural America has not been effectively mitigated or significantly redressed. This paper offers a theoretical connection between climate disaster and economic recovery and the necessary challenge of addressing and reconstructing both at the same time.

Key Terms: Hurricane Matthew, Hurricane Florence, NAFTA, Climate Disaster, Robeson County North Carolina, Disaster Recovery, Rural Regeneration